OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the radiofrequency energy and covered stents in the percutaneous reconstruction of an interrupted superior vena cava in patients needing endocardial lead implantation. BACKGROUND: Patients with a history of multiple cardiac surgical procedures or with an history of infections of the pacemaker (PM) site and electrodes may develop iatrogenic occlusion of the venous access. METHODS: Three patients (40, 48 and 74 years old, respectively) needing endocardial pacemaker implantation had complete obstruction of the superior vena cava. Recanalization of the superior vena cava (SVC) was undertaken under general anesthesia with orotracheal intubation. RESULTS: A total of 7 balloon-expandable Cheatham-Platinum 8 Zig covered stents were implanted, with a median fluoroscopy time of 58 minutes. The connection between the SVC and the right atrium was obtained, and PMs were implanted successfully in all cases. The patients' recovery was uneventful and they were discharged home 3 days later. CONCLUSIONS: Radiofrequency energy and the use of covered stents may be very useful in patients with complete obstruction of the SVC, particularly in subjects needing endocardial PM implantation.
|Journal||Journal of Invasive Cardiology|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2008|
- Cardiac catheterization
- Radiofrequency energy
- Superior vena cava
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine