Usefulness of a comprehensive neurophysiological assessment for early diagnosis and prognosis of traumatic brachial plexus injuries

A. Insola, P. Caliandro, R. Pirrone, I. Aprile, C. Pazzaglia, Luca Padua

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To illustrate how a thorough neurophysiological evaluation allows early diagnosis and prognosis of traumatic brachial plexus injuries. Methods: As examples, we report on the case of two patients with acute traumatic brachial plexus injuries for whom a comprehensive neurophysiological evaluation allowed early diagnosis and prognosis. Results: Neurophysiological findings were consistent with complete proximal (root) lesion in one patient and a severe neuroapraxic block between Erb point and axilla in the other one. Conclusions: The two reported acute cases of traumatic brachial plexus injuries demonstrated the high diagnostic and prognostic value of the neurophysiological tests when fully utilized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-217
Number of pages9
JournalElectromyography and Clinical Neurophysiology
Volume45
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2005

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Arm Injuries
Brachial Plexus
Early Diagnosis
Axilla

Keywords

  • Brachial plexus impairment
  • Electrodiagnosis
  • Neurophysiological evaluation
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology

Cite this

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T1 - Usefulness of a comprehensive neurophysiological assessment for early diagnosis and prognosis of traumatic brachial plexus injuries

AU - Insola, A.

AU - Caliandro, P.

AU - Pirrone, R.

AU - Aprile, I.

AU - Pazzaglia, C.

AU - Padua, Luca

PY - 2005/6

Y1 - 2005/6

N2 - Purpose: To illustrate how a thorough neurophysiological evaluation allows early diagnosis and prognosis of traumatic brachial plexus injuries. Methods: As examples, we report on the case of two patients with acute traumatic brachial plexus injuries for whom a comprehensive neurophysiological evaluation allowed early diagnosis and prognosis. Results: Neurophysiological findings were consistent with complete proximal (root) lesion in one patient and a severe neuroapraxic block between Erb point and axilla in the other one. Conclusions: The two reported acute cases of traumatic brachial plexus injuries demonstrated the high diagnostic and prognostic value of the neurophysiological tests when fully utilized.

AB - Purpose: To illustrate how a thorough neurophysiological evaluation allows early diagnosis and prognosis of traumatic brachial plexus injuries. Methods: As examples, we report on the case of two patients with acute traumatic brachial plexus injuries for whom a comprehensive neurophysiological evaluation allowed early diagnosis and prognosis. Results: Neurophysiological findings were consistent with complete proximal (root) lesion in one patient and a severe neuroapraxic block between Erb point and axilla in the other one. Conclusions: The two reported acute cases of traumatic brachial plexus injuries demonstrated the high diagnostic and prognostic value of the neurophysiological tests when fully utilized.

KW - Brachial plexus impairment

KW - Electrodiagnosis

KW - Neurophysiological evaluation

KW - Prognosis

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