The PROLONG randomized trial showed that a normal D-dimer (D-d) 1 month after anticoagulation suspension for unprovoked venous thromboembolism (VTE) was associated with a low risk of late recurrences (4.4% patient years). However, it is unknown whether D-d changes subsequently. The aim of this prospective multicenter study was to assess D-d time course and its relation with late recurrences in patients with normal D-d 1 month after anticoagulation suspension for a first episode of unprovoked VTE. D-d was measured with a qualitative method (Clearview Simplify D-dimer; Inverness Medical Professional Diagnostics). Patients with a normal D-d 1 month after stopping anticoagulation repeated D-d testing every 2 months for 1 year. D-d was normal in 68% (243/355) of patients 1 month after anticoagulation suspension. Patients in whom D-d became abnormal at the third month and remained abnormal afterward had a higher risk of recurrence (7/31; 27% patient years; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 12-48) than patients in whom D-d remained normal at the third month and afterward (4/149; 2.9% patient years; 95% CI: 1-7; adjusted hazard ratio: 7.9; 95% CI: 2.1-30; P = .002). Repeated D-d testing after anticoagulation suspension for a first episode of unprovoked VTE could help tailor the duration of treatment. This trial is registered at http://clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00266045.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology