Uselessness of anti-actin antibody in celiac disease screening

Elisa Fabbro, Laura Rubert, Sara Quaglia, Fortunato Ferrara, Valentina Kiren, Alessandro Ventura, Tarcisio Not

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Serum anti-actin IgA antibodies (AAA) were identified in patients with celiac disease (CD), and a close correlation emerged between the presence of AAA and mucosa damage, but test for AAA found in celiacs have a wide range of sensitivity and specificity values. Aim: To compare 1) the sensitivity and specificity of untreated, calcium-chelated and heated sera from 102 celiacs, 52 sick patients and 103 healthy controls in the determination of AAA, and 2) the reliability of AAA with anti-transglutaminase antibodies (anti-tTG) in diagnosing celiac disease and in predicting intestinal damage. The intestinal derived AAA was isolated by using the phage-display library technique. Results: Treated sera was significantly more sensitive than untreated (p = 0.0001), and showed a significant correlation between AAA and the three degrees (3a, 3b, 3c) of intestinal damage (p = 0.01). Sensitivity and specificity values of anti-tTG assay were higher than the AAA assay, and anti-tTG serum-concentration was only significantly correlated with more severe (3b and 3c) intestinal damage degrees. AAA isolated by phage display showed similar results of serum AAA in immunofluorescence assay. Conclusions: Notwithstanding correlation between AAA and celiac disease, AAA assay, also after treatments, has little to offer in screening for CD compared to the well-established anti-transglutaminase assay.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-137
Number of pages4
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Volume390
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008

Keywords

  • Anti-actin antibodies
  • Anti-transglutaminase antibodies
  • Celiac disease
  • Gut-derived single-chain variable fragment anti-actin antibody
  • Intestinal damage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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  • Cite this

    Fabbro, E., Rubert, L., Quaglia, S., Ferrara, F., Kiren, V., Ventura, A., & Not, T. (2008). Uselessness of anti-actin antibody in celiac disease screening. Clinica Chimica Acta, 390(1-2), 134-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cca.2008.01.015