Uterine artery closure at the origin vs at the uterus level in total laparoscopic hysterectomy: A randomized controlled trial

Stefano Uccella, Simone Garzon, Gabriele Lanzo, Davide Gallina, Mariachiara Bosco, Irene Porcari, Salvatore Gueli-Alletti, Stefano Cianci, Massimo Franchi, Pier Carlo Zorzato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: The transfusion rate in hysterectomies for benign pathology is almost 3%. However, despite the strong interest in reducing intraoperative bleeding, limited evidence is available regarding the technical aspects concerning uterine vessel management during a total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH). Uterine artery (UA) closure in TLH can be performed at the origin from the internal iliac artery or at the uterus level (UL). However, low-quality evidence is available regarding the superiority of one method over the other. Material and methods: We performed a single-blind randomized (1:1) controlled trial (NCT04156932) between December 2019 and August 2020. One hundred and eighty women undergoing TLH for benign gynecological diseases were randomized to TLH with UA closure at the origin from the internal iliac artery (n = 90), performed at the beginning of the procedure by putting two clips per side at the origin, vs closure at the UL (n = 90). Intraoperative blood loss estimated from suction devices was the primary outcome. Secondary end points were perioperative outcomes, the conversion rate from one technique to the other, and complication rates with 4 months of follow up. Results: Uterine artery closure at the origin was completed in all 90 patients (0%), whereas closure at the UL was converted to closure at the origin in 11 cases (12.2%; p < 0.001); failures were mainly associated with the presence of endometriosis (81.8% [9/11] vs 10.1% [8/79]; p < 0.001). In the intention-to-treat analysis, the intraoperative blood loss was higher in the group assigned to the closure at the UL (108.5 mL) than in the group with closure at the origin (69.3 mL); the mean difference was 39.2 mL (95% CI 13.47–64.93 mL; p = 0.003). Other perioperative outcomes and complications rates did not differ. Conclusions: Uterine artery closure at the origin reduces intraoperative blood loss during a TLH and appears to be more reproducible than closure at the UL without higher complication rates. However, the absent translation in clinical benefits impedes the support of a clinical superiority in all women. Closure at the origin may provide clinical advantages in the presence of severe preoperative anemia or pelvic anatomic distortion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1840-1848
Number of pages9
JournalActa Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Volume100
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • hysterectomy
  • laparoscopy
  • randomized controlled trial
  • surgical blood loss
  • uterine artery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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