This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of intraperitoneal cisplatin and intravenous doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide in patients with uterine papillary serous carcinoma. Sixteen patients with uterine papillary serous carcinoma underwent complete surgical staging and placement of an intraperitoneal port. Postoperatively, they received cisplatin (100 mg/m2) given intraperitoneally and doxorubicin (50 mg/m2) intravenously and cyclophosphamide (600 mg/m2) intravenously every 4 weeks for 6 cycles. The intraperitoneal ports did not function in 3 patients immediately following surgery. The remaining 13 patients constitute the study group. The patients ranged in age from 37 to 77 years. There were 1 patient with Stage IA, 3 with Stage IB, 2 with Stage IIB, 2 with Stage IIIA, 2 with Stage IIIC, 1 with Stage IVA, and 2 with Stage IVB. At the end of surgery no gross residual disease remained except for 1 patient who had less than 1-cm nodules in the peritoneal cavity. Eleven of the patients underwent 6 cycles of chemotherapy, 1 patient underwent 3 cycles, and 1 patient underwent 1 cycle. A total of 71 cycles of chemotherapy were given. All patients developed alopecia. Two patients developed neutropenic fever; one was treated with antibiotics, the other patient died from urosepsis. One patient had a >15% decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction which led to a dose reduction of doxorubicin. One patient had a urinary tract infection and one patient developed a port infection which necessitated its removal. Seven patients have died, 1 is alive with disease, and 5 patients are alive with no evidence of disease. Five of the 7 patients with extrauterine disease have died of disease. One is alive with disease and the other is free of disease. The median survival of these patients was 34 months with an overall 3 years survival of only 24.1%. Although the protocol was reasonably well tolerated, the overall survival did not differ flora that of a similar group of patients treated at our institution with intravenous chemotherapy. There was a high incidence of dysfunction of the intraperitoneal ports (25%). This approach with intraperitoneal cisplatin presents no therapeutic advantage for these patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology