Utilization of hepatocyte-specific antibody in the immunocytochemical evaluation of liver tumors

Marta I. Minervini, A. Jake Demetris, Randall G. Lee, Brian I. Carr, Juan Madariaga, Michael A. Nalesnik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A monoclonal antibody highly specific for benign and malignant hepatocytes (HepPar 1) was evaluated as part of an antibody panel used to differentiate hepatocellular from nonhepatocellular neoplasms. Sixty-five liver tumors and two extrahepatic tumors from patients with documented liver tumors were studied. Twenty-two neoplasms were of hepatocellular origin, three were combined hepatocellular/cholangicarcinomas, and the remainder were of nonhepatocellular origin. HepPar 1 alone had an 82% sensitivity and 90% specificity for the detection of hepatocellular neoplasms. The corresponding values for α-fetoprotein were 57% and 97%. Polyclonal antibody to carcinoembryonic antigen (canalicular pattern) had a sensitivity of 79% and specificity of 97% for these tumors. The use of antibody panels provided superior results when compared with individual antibodies. In summary, HepPar 1 monoclonal antibody is a useful reagent for the differential diagnosis of hepatocellular tumors. Its utility is enhanced when it is used as part of a diagnostic antibody panel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)686-692
Number of pages7
JournalModern Pathology
Volume10
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1997

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Immunocytochemistry
  • Liver tumors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

Minervini, M. I., Demetris, A. J., Lee, R. G., Carr, B. I., Madariaga, J., & Nalesnik, M. A. (1997). Utilization of hepatocyte-specific antibody in the immunocytochemical evaluation of liver tumors. Modern Pathology, 10(7), 686-692.