Vaccination of healthcare workers (HCWs) is a public health tool of the utmost importance and the Italian National Vaccine Prevention Plan (PNPV) 2017-2019 recommends several vaccinations in this population group. Nevertheless, vaccine hesitancy is influencing HCWs' attitude towards vaccination. Moreover, a large number of measles cases have been reported in Italy among HCWs in 2017 and 2018. In Italy there is no national registry for vaccinations, so data on vaccine coverage among HCWs are not readily accessible. The aim of this literature review is to describe the most recent data about vaccination coverage among HCWs in Italy. We also report studies that evaluated the effectiveness of strategies to increase influenza vaccine uptake. We included all studies conducted in Italy and published between 2008 and 2018, regarding vaccines recommended by the PNPV 2017-2019 (hepatitis B, influenza, pertussis, measles, mumps, rubella, varicella, and tuberculosis). Our findings confirm that low vaccination coverage levels among HCWs exist in several Italian regions and cities, highlighting a relevant gap towards targets set by the PNPV. Studies that evaluated the effectiveness of multicomponent interventions to increase vaccination coverage found only minimal to moderate increases in uptake levels. It is therefore crucial to tackle vaccine hesitancy in HCWs, by identifying effective strategies able to significantly increase vaccine coverage, in order to decrease the risk of nosocomial infections, prevent transmission of preventable diseases to patients, and reduce indirect costs related to HCW absenteeism due to illness.
|Translated title of the contribution||Vaccination among healthcare workers in Italy: a narrative review|
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Igiene e Sanita Pubblica|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 5 2019|