Vagina and external female genitalia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


LABIAL SYNECHIAE - Developing because of estrogens deficiency in presence of recurrent inflammations, usually asymptomatic. No treatment is usually required, since spontaneous opening can be expected; application of an oestrogen cream can quicken this process. HYMENEAL ATRESIA - Usually unknown until puberty, when menstruations start, causes hydrometrocolpos or haematometrocolpos. Diagnosis is clinical (protrusion of the hymen outside the vulva) and US. Treatment is surgical (opening of the hymen).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPediatric Surgery Digest
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages2
ISBN (Print)9783540340324
Publication statusPublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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