Vaginal microbiology of women with vaginitis

M. A. Valenza, R. Monno, M. Correale, V. Giannuzzi, A. Lippolis

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Abstract

Vaginitis is one of the most common problems in clinical medicine. Microorganisms previously considered inhabitants of the vaginal tract, may also cause vulvovaginitis. In patients with vaginitis Candida albicans was the most frequently isolated strain (23.2%); Trichomonas spp. and Gardnerella vaginalis accounted for 3.1% and 3.2% of the isolates, respectively. Streptococcus agalactiae was isolated in 13.9% of patients and was the sole pathogen in 84.6% of cases in the presence of severe inflammation. Streptococcus pyogenes and Streptococcus pneumoniae were identified as the sole pathogens in 0.9% and 0.6% of patients with vaginitis. S. agalactiae strains showed various rates of resistance to the antibiotics commonly used, suggesting that antibiotic susceptibility needs to be monitored. Several factors may affect the composition of the vaginal flora, and women with vaginitis due to micro-organisms other than Candida, Trichomonas and G. vaginalis must be treated with an appropriate therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-137
Number of pages7
JournalBiomedical Letters
Volume58
Issue number230
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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Keywords

  • Streptococcus agalactiae
  • Vaginitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Valenza, M. A., Monno, R., Correale, M., Giannuzzi, V., & Lippolis, A. (1998). Vaginal microbiology of women with vaginitis. Biomedical Letters, 58(230), 131-137.