Validation and analysis of the European quality questionnaire in Italian language

Leopoldo M. Amendola, Alessandro Galazzi, Irene Zainaghi, Ivan Cortinovis, Anna Zolin, Rik T. Gerritsen, Ileana Adamini, Maura Lusignani, Dario Laquintana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The European Quality Questionnaire (euroQ2) is the culturally-adapted version to the European context of the Family Satisfaction in Intensive Care Unit (FS-ICU) and Quality of Dying and Death (QODD) tools in a single instrument divided into three parts (the last is optional). These tools were created for an adult setting. The aim of this study was the Italian validation and analysis of the euroQ2 tool. The Italian version of euroQ2 questionnaire was administered to the relatives, over 18 years of age, of adult intensive care unit patients, with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Impact of Event Scale—Revised (IES-r). For the re-test phase the questionnaire was administered a second time. One hundred questionnaires were filled in. The agreement between test and retest was between 17–19 out of 20 participants with an upward trend in the re-test phase. A measure of coherence and cohesion between the euroQ2 variables was given by Cronbach’s alpha: in the first part of the questionnaire alpha was 0.82, in the second part it was 0.89. The linear Pearson’s correlation coefficients between all questions showed a weak positive correlation. The results obtained agreed with the original study. This study showed a good stability of the answers, an indication of an unambiguous understanding of the Italian translation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8852
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2020


  • Communication
  • EuroQ2
  • Family
  • FS-ICU
  • Intensive Care Unit
  • QODD
  • Satisfaction
  • Validation study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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