Validation of Italian version of Brace Questionnaire (BrQ)

Angelo G. Aulisa, Vincenzo Guzzanti, Marco Galli, Carmen Erra, Giorgio Scudieri, Luca Padua

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Brace questionnaire (BrQ) is a tool used to evaluate Health Quality of Life (HRQoL) in patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) that undergo bracing treatment. The BrQ has not been translated and validated for Italian-speaking patients with AIS. The aim of the study was to perform a trans-cultural validation of BrQ to be used in an Italian speaking population.Methods: Translation into Italian (I-BrQ) and back translation to the original Greek (G-BrQ) was performed. The final I-BrQ was then analyzed for Italian cultural characteristics and no inconsistencies were found. After that, construct validity was measured analyzing the I-BrQ relationship with 1) Scoliosis Research Society-22 patient Questionnaire (SRS-22), in order to evaluate the relationship with another patient-oriented questionnaire not focused on brace therapy; 2) Cobb degree scale, in order to evaluate the relationship with the magnitude of the curve. Reproducibility was also tested.Results: Translation of the G-BrQ into Italian was successful and back-translation to Greek corresponded well with the original Greek version.Global I-BrQ correlated strongly with SRS-22 (r = 0.826; p <0.001). Almost all sub scores from each I-BrQ domain strongly correlated with the single domain scores of SRS-22. Only two I-BrQ sub scores weakly inversely correlated with Cobb degree value.Reproducibility was good (Spearman-Brown coefficient value was 0.943; p <0.05).Conclusions: Trans-cultural validation in Italian language showed the validity and reliability of the I-BrQ.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 20 2013


  • Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
  • Brace
  • Brace questionnaire
  • BrQ
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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