Validation of italian version of the Women's Health Questionnaire: Assessment of quality of life of women from the general population and those attending menopause centers

A. R. Genazzani, A. Nicolucci, C. Campagnoli, P. Crosignani, C. Nappi, G. B. Serra, E. Bottiglioni, A. Cianci, D. De Aloysio, C. Donati Sarti, M. Gambacciani, P. Monteleone, M. Ciaponi, A. D. Genazzani, S. Guaschino, G. Palumbo, F. Petraglia, S. Schonauer, A. Volpe, G. A. CoronelT. Di Paolantonio, M. Nagni, A. Tempesta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: The Women's Health Questionnaire has been developed and validated in Anglo-Saxon and Swedish populations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Italian version of the questionnaire to determine whether cross-cultural differences exist in the perception of quality of life, and to use it to compare the quality of life in women attending menopause centers with that of women in the general population. Methods: An Italian version of the Women's Health Questionnaire (WHQ) was produced, using the forward-backward translation method to ensure conceptual equivalence, and approved by the originator. Women were recruited by random selection from the general population and from menopause centers, those taking hormone replacement therapy being ineligible. The questionnaire was completed anonymously at home and mailed to the co-ordinating center. Psychometric evaluation included tests of item convergent and discriminant validity, internal-consistency reliability, test-retest reliability, construct validity and the discriminative properties of the questionnaire. Results: The completeness of the data was good, with missing-value rates consistently low for most items. Item-scale correlations, used to evaluate internal consistency, were also good and the scaling success rate, used to measure item discriminant validity, was high for all scales. Scale scores were reliable for seven out of nine scales and test-retest reliability was excellent. There were few significant differences between the two populations of women in most of the WHQ areas. A comparison of Italian data with published data on English women showed great similarity. Conclusion: The Italian version of the WHQ is valid and reproducible. The subjective perception of the menopause and its related problems is similar in geographically and culturally different populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-77
Number of pages8
JournalClimacteric
Volume5
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Menopause
  • Quality of life
  • Women's health questionnaire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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    Genazzani, A. R., Nicolucci, A., Campagnoli, C., Crosignani, P., Nappi, C., Serra, G. B., Bottiglioni, E., Cianci, A., De Aloysio, D., Donati Sarti, C., Gambacciani, M., Monteleone, P., Ciaponi, M., Genazzani, A. D., Guaschino, S., Palumbo, G., Petraglia, F., Schonauer, S., Volpe, A., ... Tempesta, A. (2002). Validation of italian version of the Women's Health Questionnaire: Assessment of quality of life of women from the general population and those attending menopause centers. Climacteric, 5(1), 70-77.