Inhibition of multiple myeloma (MM) plasma cells in their permissive bone marrow microenvironment represents an attractive strategy for blocking the tumor/ vessel growth associated with the disease progression. However, target specificity is an essential aim of this approach. Here, we identified platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-receptor beta (PDGFRp) and pp60c-Src as shared constitutively activated tyrosine-kinases (TKs) in plasma cells and endothelial cells (ECs) isolated from MM patients (MMECs). Our cellular and molecular dissection showed that the PDGF-BB/PDGFRp kinase axis promoted MM tumor growth and vessel sprouting by activating ERK1/2, AKT, and the transcription of MMEC-released proangiogenic factors, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and interleukin-8 (IL-8). Interestingly, pp60c-Src TK-activity was selectively induced by VEGF in MM tumor and ECs, and the use of small-interfering (si)RNAs validated pp60c-Src as a key signaling effector of VEGF loop required for MMEC survival, migration, and angiogenesis. We also assessed the antitumor/vessel activity of dasatinib, a novel orally bioactive PDGFRp/Src TK- inhibitor that significantly delayed MM tumor growth and angiogenesis in vivo, showing a synergistic cytotoxicity with conventional and novel antimyeloma drugs (ie, melphalan, prednisone, bor- tezomib, and thalidomide). Overall data highlight the biologic and therapeutic relevance of the combined targeting of PDGFRp/c-Src TKs in MM, providing a framework for future clinical trials.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology