Validation of the Italian translation of the Revised Temperament and Character Inventory - TCI-140 - in adult participants and in participants with medical diseases

Anna Vespa, Marica Ottaviani, Andrea Fossati, Maria Velia Giulietti, Roberta Spatuzzi, Cristina Meloni, Paolo Fabbietti, Liana Spazzafumo, Sandor Rozsa, Robert C. Cloninger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction This study aimed at assessing the reliability and construct validity of the TCI-140. Methodology Sample: 428 Italian participants. Exclusion criteria: psychiatric disorders. 100 subjects - longitudinal retest study. Results The results of descriptive statistics of internal consistency reliabilities (Cronbach coefficient) of TCI-R dimensions showed: a strong internal consistence of the scales: HA (α = 0.84); RD (α = 0.70); SD (α = 0.86); C (α = 0.75); ST (α = 0.83); a low level in NS (α = 0.60). In relation to facets, internal consistency reliabilities (Cronbach coefficient) ranged from 0.14 C3 to 0.79 C4 (from 3rd to 4th facet of C scale). Correlations: highest inverse correlation between HA and SD (r = -0.56); moderate inverse correlations for: HA and PS (r = -0.37); C and RD(r = 0.32); C and SD (r = 0.44). P, SD, C and ST showed good inter class correlations (ICC) ≥ 70 maintaining a good stability of the measures over the time. Four factors accounted for 56.3% of the variance for temperament subscale. Subscales of: PS4, PS3 PS2, PS1, NS3 for factor 1; HA2, HA1, HA4, HA3 for factor 2; RD1, RD2 and RD3 for factor 3; NS4, NS1 and NS2 for factor 4. Three factors that were identified accounted for 58.3% of the variance for character subscales of: SD3, SD5, SD1, SD2 for factor 1; C4, C1, C5, SD4, C3 for factor 2; ST2, ST1, ST3, C2 for factor 3. Conclusion The reliability coefficients were significantly good for some dimensions of TCI-140 and showed a good correlation after time, while some dimensions as NS have low reliability. In the principal components analysis does not saturate all dimensions in its theoretical factor. Moreover TCI-140 is a useful inventory for the evaluation of the principal dimensions of temperament and character.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-134
Number of pages6
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Volume59
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2015

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Temperament
Equipment and Supplies
Principal Component Analysis
Reproducibility of Results
Psychiatry
Longitudinal Studies
Type I Syndactyly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Medicine(all)

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Validation of the Italian translation of the Revised Temperament and Character Inventory - TCI-140 - in adult participants and in participants with medical diseases. / Vespa, Anna; Ottaviani, Marica; Fossati, Andrea; Giulietti, Maria Velia; Spatuzzi, Roberta; Meloni, Cristina; Fabbietti, Paolo; Spazzafumo, Liana; Rozsa, Sandor; Cloninger, Robert C.

In: Comprehensive Psychiatry, Vol. 59, 01.05.2015, p. 129-134.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vespa, Anna ; Ottaviani, Marica ; Fossati, Andrea ; Giulietti, Maria Velia ; Spatuzzi, Roberta ; Meloni, Cristina ; Fabbietti, Paolo ; Spazzafumo, Liana ; Rozsa, Sandor ; Cloninger, Robert C. / Validation of the Italian translation of the Revised Temperament and Character Inventory - TCI-140 - in adult participants and in participants with medical diseases. In: Comprehensive Psychiatry. 2015 ; Vol. 59. pp. 129-134.
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abstract = "Introduction This study aimed at assessing the reliability and construct validity of the TCI-140. Methodology Sample: 428 Italian participants. Exclusion criteria: psychiatric disorders. 100 subjects - longitudinal retest study. Results The results of descriptive statistics of internal consistency reliabilities (Cronbach coefficient) of TCI-R dimensions showed: a strong internal consistence of the scales: HA (α = 0.84); RD (α = 0.70); SD (α = 0.86); C (α = 0.75); ST (α = 0.83); a low level in NS (α = 0.60). In relation to facets, internal consistency reliabilities (Cronbach coefficient) ranged from 0.14 C3 to 0.79 C4 (from 3rd to 4th facet of C scale). Correlations: highest inverse correlation between HA and SD (r = -0.56); moderate inverse correlations for: HA and PS (r = -0.37); C and RD(r = 0.32); C and SD (r = 0.44). P, SD, C and ST showed good inter class correlations (ICC) ≥ 70 maintaining a good stability of the measures over the time. Four factors accounted for 56.3{\%} of the variance for temperament subscale. Subscales of: PS4, PS3 PS2, PS1, NS3 for factor 1; HA2, HA1, HA4, HA3 for factor 2; RD1, RD2 and RD3 for factor 3; NS4, NS1 and NS2 for factor 4. Three factors that were identified accounted for 58.3{\%} of the variance for character subscales of: SD3, SD5, SD1, SD2 for factor 1; C4, C1, C5, SD4, C3 for factor 2; ST2, ST1, ST3, C2 for factor 3. Conclusion The reliability coefficients were significantly good for some dimensions of TCI-140 and showed a good correlation after time, while some dimensions as NS have low reliability. In the principal components analysis does not saturate all dimensions in its theoretical factor. Moreover TCI-140 is a useful inventory for the evaluation of the principal dimensions of temperament and character.",
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T1 - Validation of the Italian translation of the Revised Temperament and Character Inventory - TCI-140 - in adult participants and in participants with medical diseases

AU - Vespa, Anna

AU - Ottaviani, Marica

AU - Fossati, Andrea

AU - Giulietti, Maria Velia

AU - Spatuzzi, Roberta

AU - Meloni, Cristina

AU - Fabbietti, Paolo

AU - Spazzafumo, Liana

AU - Rozsa, Sandor

AU - Cloninger, Robert C.

PY - 2015/5/1

Y1 - 2015/5/1

N2 - Introduction This study aimed at assessing the reliability and construct validity of the TCI-140. Methodology Sample: 428 Italian participants. Exclusion criteria: psychiatric disorders. 100 subjects - longitudinal retest study. Results The results of descriptive statistics of internal consistency reliabilities (Cronbach coefficient) of TCI-R dimensions showed: a strong internal consistence of the scales: HA (α = 0.84); RD (α = 0.70); SD (α = 0.86); C (α = 0.75); ST (α = 0.83); a low level in NS (α = 0.60). In relation to facets, internal consistency reliabilities (Cronbach coefficient) ranged from 0.14 C3 to 0.79 C4 (from 3rd to 4th facet of C scale). Correlations: highest inverse correlation between HA and SD (r = -0.56); moderate inverse correlations for: HA and PS (r = -0.37); C and RD(r = 0.32); C and SD (r = 0.44). P, SD, C and ST showed good inter class correlations (ICC) ≥ 70 maintaining a good stability of the measures over the time. Four factors accounted for 56.3% of the variance for temperament subscale. Subscales of: PS4, PS3 PS2, PS1, NS3 for factor 1; HA2, HA1, HA4, HA3 for factor 2; RD1, RD2 and RD3 for factor 3; NS4, NS1 and NS2 for factor 4. Three factors that were identified accounted for 58.3% of the variance for character subscales of: SD3, SD5, SD1, SD2 for factor 1; C4, C1, C5, SD4, C3 for factor 2; ST2, ST1, ST3, C2 for factor 3. Conclusion The reliability coefficients were significantly good for some dimensions of TCI-140 and showed a good correlation after time, while some dimensions as NS have low reliability. In the principal components analysis does not saturate all dimensions in its theoretical factor. Moreover TCI-140 is a useful inventory for the evaluation of the principal dimensions of temperament and character.

AB - Introduction This study aimed at assessing the reliability and construct validity of the TCI-140. Methodology Sample: 428 Italian participants. Exclusion criteria: psychiatric disorders. 100 subjects - longitudinal retest study. Results The results of descriptive statistics of internal consistency reliabilities (Cronbach coefficient) of TCI-R dimensions showed: a strong internal consistence of the scales: HA (α = 0.84); RD (α = 0.70); SD (α = 0.86); C (α = 0.75); ST (α = 0.83); a low level in NS (α = 0.60). In relation to facets, internal consistency reliabilities (Cronbach coefficient) ranged from 0.14 C3 to 0.79 C4 (from 3rd to 4th facet of C scale). Correlations: highest inverse correlation between HA and SD (r = -0.56); moderate inverse correlations for: HA and PS (r = -0.37); C and RD(r = 0.32); C and SD (r = 0.44). P, SD, C and ST showed good inter class correlations (ICC) ≥ 70 maintaining a good stability of the measures over the time. Four factors accounted for 56.3% of the variance for temperament subscale. Subscales of: PS4, PS3 PS2, PS1, NS3 for factor 1; HA2, HA1, HA4, HA3 for factor 2; RD1, RD2 and RD3 for factor 3; NS4, NS1 and NS2 for factor 4. Three factors that were identified accounted for 58.3% of the variance for character subscales of: SD3, SD5, SD1, SD2 for factor 1; C4, C1, C5, SD4, C3 for factor 2; ST2, ST1, ST3, C2 for factor 3. Conclusion The reliability coefficients were significantly good for some dimensions of TCI-140 and showed a good correlation after time, while some dimensions as NS have low reliability. In the principal components analysis does not saturate all dimensions in its theoretical factor. Moreover TCI-140 is a useful inventory for the evaluation of the principal dimensions of temperament and character.

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