Validity of self-reported lunch recalls in Swedish school children aged 6-8 years

Monica Hunsberger, Pablo Pena, Lauren Lissner, Lisen Grafström, Barbara Vanaelst, Claudia Börnhorst, Valeria Pala, Gabriele Eiben

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Previous studies have suggested that young children are inaccurate reporters of dietary intake. The purpose of this study was to validate a single recall of the previous day's school lunch reported by 6-8 year old Swedish children and to assess teacher-recorded intake of the same meal in a standardized food journal. An additional research question was whether parents could report their child's intake of the previous day's lunch. Subjects constituted a convenience sample from the large, multi-country study Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS (IDEFICS). Validations of both children's recalls and teachers' records were made by comparing results with the duplicate plate reference method. Findings. Twenty-five children (12 boys/13 girls) aged 6-8 years participated in the validation study at one school in western Sweden. Children were accurate self-reporters of their dietary intake at lunch, with no significant difference between reported and weighed intake (Mean difference (SD): 7(50) kcals, p=0.49). Teachers significantly over-reported intake (Mean difference (SD): 65(79) kcals, p=0.01). For both methods, child-reported and teacher-recorded, correlations with weighed intake were strong (Pearson's correlations r=0.92, p

Original languageEnglish
Article number129
JournalNutrition Journal
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • 24-hour recall
  • Child reported dietary intake
  • Dietary intake
  • Relative validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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    Hunsberger, M., Pena, P., Lissner, L., Grafström, L., Vanaelst, B., Börnhorst, C., Pala, V., & Eiben, G. (2013). Validity of self-reported lunch recalls in Swedish school children aged 6-8 years. Nutrition Journal, 12(1), [129]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-12-129