The possibility to use urinary 2-thiothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid (TTCA) as biomarker of occupational exposure to very low doses of carbon disulphide (CS2) was evaluated preliminarily in 10 workers employed in a chemical plant where rubber vulcanization accelerators are produced, and in 10 workers, residents in the same geographical area and not occupationally exposed to CS2 and dithiocarbamates (DTC). Exposure to airborne CS 2 was assessed, only for exposed workers, by both personal and area samplers. For the determination of TTCA, a spot urine sample was collected for each worker, exposed and non exposed, at the end of work-shift. A questionnaire probing lifestyle and dietary habits and non occupational exposure to CS 2 and DTC was administered to all workers involved in the study. Environmental exposure to CS2 in 2007 ranged between 0.21 mg/m 3 and 0.73 mg/m3 for personal sampling, and between 0.23 mg/m3 and 0.41 mg/m3 for area sampling. Urinary TTCA levels resulted very low and did not show any significant difference between exposed (Median: 10.8 μg/g creat; Range: 6.1-26.4 μg/g creat) and non exposed workers (Median: 9.3 μg/g creat; Range: 3.0-33.0 μg/g creat), while higher, but not significant concentrations of TTCA were observed in smokers than in non smokers (p=0.09). No correlation was found between urinary TTCA levels and environmental exposure to CS2, age, body mass index, smoking and dietary habits. In conclusion, the low sensibility and specificity in the assessment of occupational exposure to low doses of CS2 in workers compared to general population subjects, makes urinary TTCA a biomarker with a low usefulness in biological monitoring. ACGIH, besides, should also introduce "B" (background) notation, at present not considered for the BEI indicated for urinary TTCA.
|Translated title of the contribution||Validity of urinary 2-thiothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid (TTCA) as biomarker of exposure to very low concentrations of carbon disulphide: Preuminary results|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro ed Ergonomia|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2008|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health