Value of cross-sectional imaging in assessing active Crohn's disease before stoma reversal

Bastien Dirrenberger, Isabelle Clerc-Urmès, Adeline Germain, Laurent Bresler, Pablo Olivera, Laura Martelli, Silvio Danese, Cédric Baumann, Valérie Laurent, Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background There are currently no guidelines on the need to assess disease activity before stoma reversal in Crohn's disease (CD). We sought to determine the value of cross-sectional imaging for detecting active CD before stoma reversal. Methods 38 CD patients underwent cross-sectional imaging before stoma reversal. CD activity was blindly evaluated by an independent radiologist. Postoperative outcomes were recorded. Results Before stoma reversal, cross-sectional imaging identified active CD in 20 of the 38 study participants (52.6%). In 9 out of 10 tested patients, radiologic and endoscopic assessments gave concordant findings with regard to CD recurrence before stoma reversal. Stoma reversal was delayed in half of the patients with active CD and in none of the patients without active CD. Before stoma reversal, tumor necrosis factor alpha antagonists or immunosuppressants were initiated in 45% of the patients with active CD and 5.6% of the patients without active CD. In the year following stoma reversal, the recurrence rate (in a radiologic assessment) was higher in patients with active CD than in patients without active CD (75.0% vs. 30.8%, respectively; p = 0.04). Conclusion Cross-sectional imaging revealed postoperative recurrence in about a quarter of patients before stoma reversal; this finding may influence the postoperative treatment strategy and outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)864-871
Number of pages8
JournalDigestive and Liver Disease
Volume49
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2017

Keywords

  • Crohn's disease
  • Cross-sectional imaging
  • MRI
  • Postoperative recurrence
  • Temporary stoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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