Valore della immunocitochimica nella diagnosi di masse laterocervicali in pazienti con pregresso carcinoma della tiroide.

Translated title of the contribution: Value of immunohistocytochemistry in the diagnosis of laterocervical masses in patients with a previous history of thyroid carcinoma

T. Pisani, R. Caponetti, A. Drusco, M. Mottolese, F. S. Intrieri, M. R. Giovagnoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the additional diagnostic significance of immunocytochemical staining of thyreoglobulin (TG) in Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy (FNAB) of neck lymph-nodes, in patients with a previous history of thyroid carcinoma. METHODS: Twenty-five smears performed by ultrasound-guided FNAB on laterocervical nodes with a 21-23 gauge needle were evaluates. All smears were stained according to Papanicolaou and microscopically examined. RESULTS: Of these 25 smears, 15 were diagnostic and 10 were non diagnostic. Of the 15 diagnostic cases, 10 were positive for metastatic lesions from thyroid neoplasm and the other 4 were classified as reactive lymphoadenitis. One smear for each case was selected for the immunohistochemical stain. All the 10 non-diagnostic cases showed no reaction to thyreoglobulin. Neoplastic cells, from 9 out of 11 cytologically positive smears, expressed thyreoglobulin in the cytoplasm. In one case no reaction was evident and the other one was discarded for technical reasons. In 3 of the 4 cases cytologically classified as lymphoadenitis, immunoreactive thyreoglobulin was not found. In the fourth case, blastic-like cells showed a scanty cytoplasmic rime which was immunoreactive for TG and thus was classified as a metastatic tumour. On this basis, it is suggested that FNAB should be performed routinelly in the diagnostic evaluation of neck masses of unknown origin in patients with a previous history of thyroid neoplasm. CONCLUSIONS: If the FNAB is inconclusive, a second aspiration should be performed while immunoperoxidase stain to evidentiate TG may be an adjuntive diagnostic tool in cytologically negative cases.

Translated title of the contributionValue of immunohistocytochemistry in the diagnosis of laterocervical masses in patients with a previous history of thyroid carcinoma
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)99-102
Number of pages4
JournalMinerva Endocrinologica
Volume22
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1997

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