Aim of our work was to validate magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in detecting occlusion/patency of coronary artery bypass grafts. Twenty patients with previous history bypass surgery and recurrent episodes of chest pain were enrolled. Two patients could not be studied (claustrophobia, erratic breathing). Thus, 18 patients with 51 bypasses were examined using a navigator echo sequence: 21 arterial grafts (six sequential) and 30 saphenous vein grafts (five sequential). All patients had undergone contrast conventional angiography 3-15 days before MRA. The magnetic resonance (MR) data set was analyzed by two independent readers blinded to the results of conventional angiography (occlusion of 12 of 51 grafts). At magnetic resonance, two bypasses of the posterior descending artery, patent at conventional angiography, could not be visualized because of imaging slab malpositioning. Interobserver concordance was 96% (47/49). Magnetic resonance and conventional angiography provided identical answers in 47 out of 49 (96%) of the examined grafts. Eleven out of 12 occluded grafts and 36 out of 37 patent grafts were correctly identified with MR. As far as occlusion is concerned, the sensitivity of MR was 91%, the specificity 97%. To summarize, a 30 min outpatient MR examination is highly reliable in determining occlusion/patency of arterial and venous, single and sequential bypasses.
- Coronary disease
- Magnetic resonance (MR)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology