The purpose of this study was to assess the correlation between parameters evaluated using computed tomography perfusion (CTP) and microvessel density (MVD), the vascular endothelial growth factor labelling index (VEGFLI), as well as known clinicopathological indicators of tumour malignancy, in non-advanced prostatic cancer.
We included 110 patients with early stage prostate cancer who were subjected to CT examinations followed by radical prostatectomy between 2007 and 2011 (in this analysis we included only patients diagnosed with CT). Both in affected and in healthy tissue the following perfusion parameters were assessed: blood flow (BF), blood volume (BV), mean transit time (MTT) and permeability-surface area product (PS). After surgery in the resected prostate tumour tissue the MVD and VEGFLI were assessed.
The mean BF and PS values were significantly higher in carcinomas with high histological grade (p = 0.02). The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of the threshold BF value, for the distinction between malignant and healthy prostate tissue, were: 67%, 54% and 59% respectively. For BV sensitivity was 71%, specificity was 52%, and accuracy was 48%. Microvessel density significantly correlated with BV, MTT and PS (p <0.05), while VEGFLI did not correlate with any of the perfusion parameters.
Our results suggest that BF and PS might be helpful in discrimination between benign and malignant prostate tissue, while the positive correlation between BV, MTT, PS and MVD might suggest their potential utility in assessment of cancer angiogenesis.
- Perfusion computed tomography
- Prostate cancer
- Vascular endothelial growth factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine