Value of rest thallium-201/technetium-99m sestamibi scans and dobutamine echocardiography for detecting myocardial viability

Paolo Marzullo, Oberdan Parodi, Barbara Reisenhofer, Gianmario Sambuceti, Eugenio Picano, Alessandro Distante, Alessia Gimelli, Antonio L'Abbate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The relation between radioisotopic and echocardiographic markers of myocardial viability and postrevascularization recovery of function is still to be defined. To this purpose, 14 patients (11 men, 3 women, aged 35 to 64 years, mean 54 ± 7) with ventricular dysfunction were studied by a multiparametric approach. Each patient underwent, on separate days, rest thallium-201 and technetium-99m sestamibi scintigraphy, dobutamine echocardiography and coronary angiography. Coronary angiography was analyzed by a quantitative approach. Thallium uptake at rest was quantified from planar early (10-minute) and delayed (16-hour) thallium-201 images and expressed as a percentage of maximal activity in each projection using a 13-segment model. Sestamibi uptake was expressed in the same way. Dobutamine (up to 10 μg/kg/min) echocardiography was analyzed using a score index ranging from 1 (normokinesia) to 4 (dyskinesia) and a similar segmental model. Before revascularization 50 segments were grouped as normal (coronary stenosis 50% coronary stenosis, 57 had normal wall motion (group 2) and 75 showed regional dyssynergies (group 3). Early and delayed thallium-201 regional percent activities did not differ in group 1 and in group 2 but were significantly less in group 3 segments. Sestamibi percent activity was more in group 1 and significantly reduced both in group 2 and 3 segments. Segments with improved wall motion after dobutamine had more early, delayed thallium-201 and sestamibi percent activities than unresponsive segments. Postrevascularization echocardiography was performed in all patients. Delayed thallium-201 scans and dobutamine echocardiography showed good sensitivity and specificity in detecting viable myocardium. It is concluded that: (1) rest-injected, delayed thallium-201 scan provides a good preoperative characterization of viable myocardium; (2) sestamibi does not differentiate dyssynergic from normal segments in territories supplied by stenotic coronary arteries; and (3) dobutamine echocardiography is similar to delayed thallium-201 scintigraphy in predicting myocardial viability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-172
Number of pages7
JournalThe American Journal of Cardiology
Volume71
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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