Variable carbohydrate structures of circulating thyrotropin as studied by lectin affinity chromatography in different clinical conditions

Marie Jeanne Papandreou, Luca Persani, Carmela Asteria, Catherine Ronin, Paolo Beck-Peccoz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Carbohydrate structures of intrapituitary and circulating TSH were studied by Concanavalin-A (Con A) and ricin lectin chromatography under different clinical conditions. Con A permits the separation of molecules differing in the extent of their carbohydrate branching, whereas ricin gives an estimation of the degree of their sialylation. Intrapituitary TSH was more retained on Con A and less sialylated than circulating hormone, suggesting that carbohydrate chains of intrapituitary molecules are less mature than those present in the circulation. A greater proportion of TSH firmly bound to Con A, compared to control values, was found in sera from fetuses and patients with uremia, TSH-secreting adenomas, and central hypothyroidism. In primary hypothyroid patients, TSH binding to Con A was similar to that found in controls, but a greater percentage of sialylated forms was seen. In central hypothyroidism patients, TSH released in response to TRH was less sialylated. Interestingly, no sialylated TSH was found in normal fetuses. In conclusion, the present data show that both TSH carbohydrate branching and sialylation may vary in different clinical conditions. As some of the above clinical conditions are known to be accompanied by variations in the bioactivity of circulating TSH, the finding of changes in TSH carbohydrate structures further supports the view that glycosylation modulates the expression of TSH biological activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-398
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume77
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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