BACKGROUND: Stickler Syndrome is a rare connective tissue disorder, characterized by clinical, and genetic heterogeneity. The clinical expression is highly variable, including moderate to severe myopia in childhood, hearing loss, facial dysmorphic features, cleft palate, and early osteoarthritis. COL2A1, COL11A1, and COL11A2 mutations account of the majority of autosomal dominant Stickler Syndrome and, in particular, a heterozygous mutation in COL11A1 gene is identified in about 10 to 20% of Stickler Syndrome patients.
METHODS: Herein, we report a case of an 8-year- old child with Stickler Syndrome, presenting with early-onset of myopia with vitreal abnormalities, facial dysmorphic characteristics, and mild hearing loss later in childhood. To identify the underlying genetic cause, Whole Exome Sequencing was carried out for COL11A1 gene.
RESULTS: A novel de novo heterozygous splice site variant (NM_001854: c.1845 + 5G> C) of the COL11A1 gene, which had not been previously reported, was identified by Whole Exome Sequencing.
CONCLUSION: We reported a novel COL11A1 mutation in a child with Stickler Syndrome presenting a phenotype of early-onset of ocular anomalies and mild hearing loss later in childhood. Our findings confirm the variability of the expression of the disease, even in the contest of the same gene-related disorder, thus, contributing to improve the knowledge on clinical and molecular basis of this rare disease.
- early myopia
- hearing loss
- novel mutation
- stickler syndrome