Variant alleles in factor V, prothrombin, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase and risk of thromboembolism in metastatic colorectal cancer patients treated with first-line chemotherapy plus bevacizumab

Felicia Stefania Falvella, C. Cremolini, Rosalba Miceli, F. Nichetti, Stefania Cheli, Carlotta Antoniotti, G. Infante, Antonia Martinetti, Federica Marmorino, Elisa Sottotetti, Rosa Berenato, Marta Caporale, Alessandro Colombo, Filippo De Braud, Maria Di Bartolomeo, Emilio Giuseppe Ignazio Clementi, Fotios Loupakis, Filippo Pietrantonio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) related to hereditary thrombophilia were investigated as risk factors for thromboembolism in cancer patients. Their effect in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) has never been explored so far. Our aim was to analyse the effect of coagulation factor V (FVL G1691A), prothrombin (PT G20210A), methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR C677T and A1298C) and plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1 5G/4G) allelic variants in this setting. Fifty-two patients treated with first-line chemotherapy plus bevacizumab who developed a thromboembolic event in their lifetime were initially genotyped. A contemporary cohort of 127 patients who did not experience any thromboembolic event was also analysed. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood and genotypes were determined by real-time PCR, using LightSNiP (TIB MOLBIOL) on LightCcler 480 (Roche). The association between thromboembolism and SNPs was investigated by univariable and multivariable analyses. All SNPs were in Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium (χ2 test P>0.20). FVL G1691A and PT G20210A were present only in heterozygosis in 4 (2.2%) and 7 (3.9%) patients, respectively; MTHFR C677T in homozygosis in 29 (16.2%), MTHFR A1298C in homozygosis in 13 (7.3%); PAI-1 5G/4G in 98 (54.7%) and 4G/4G in 41 (23%) patients. At univariable analysis, treatment duration was significantly associated with thromboembolism (P

Original languageEnglish
JournalPharmacogenomics Journal
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Mar 22 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Genetics

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