Variations in the risk for cerebrovascular events after kidney transplant compared with experience on the waiting list and after graft failure

Krista L. Lentine, Lisa A Rocca Rey, Swathy Kolli, Giuliana Bacchi, Mark A. Schnitzler, Kevin C. Abbott, Huiling Xiao, Daniel C. Brennan

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Abstract

Background and objectives: This study examined the risks, predictors, and mortality implications of cerebrovascular disease events after kidney transplantation in a national cohort. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: This analysis used United States Renal Data System registry data to study retrospectively Medicare-insured kidney transplant candidates (n = 51,504), recipients (n = 29,614), and recipients with allograft failure (n = 2954) in 1995 through 2002. New-onset cerebrovascular disease events including ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, and transient ischemic attacks were ascertained from billing records, and participants were followed until Medicare-end or December 31, 2002. Multivariable survival analysis was used to compare cerebrovascular disease event incidence and risk profiles among the study samples. Results: The cumulative, 3-yr incidence of de novo cerebrovascular disease events after transplantation was 6.8% and was lower than adjusted 3-yr estimates of 11.8% on the waiting list and 11.2% after graft loss. In time-dependent regression, transplantation predicted a 34% reduction in subsequent, overall cerebrovascular disease events risk compared with remaining on the waiting list, whereas risk for cerebrovascular disease events increased >150% after graft failure. Similar relationships with transplantation and graft loss were observed for each type of cerebrovascular disease event. Smoking was a potentially preventable correlate of posttransplantation cerebrovascular disease events. Women were not protected. All forms of cerebrovascular disease event diagnoses after transplantation predicted increased mortality. Conclusions: Along with known benefits for cardiac complications, translantation with sustained graft function seems to reduce risk for vascular disease events involving the cerebral circulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1090-1101
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation
  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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