Vascular abnormalities in patients with Stargardt disease assessed with optical coherence tomography angiography

M Battaglia Parodi, MV Cicinelli, A Rabiolo, L Pierro, G Bolognesi, F Bandello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims To describe the vascular abnormalities in patients affected by Stargardt disease (STGD1) by means of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). Methods Cross-sectional case series, with the following inclusion criteria: diagnosis of STGD1, clear ocular media, and stable fixation. Patients underwent best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), biomicroscopy, applanation tonometry, short-wavelength fundus autofluorescence (SW-FAF) (HRA Heidelberg, Germany), 3×3 Swept Source OCT-A (Topcon Corporation, Japan). Foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area was manually outlined and removed from the vessel density analysis (ImageJ). Main outcome was vessel density assessment in the superficial capillary plexus (SCP), in the deep capillary plexus (DCP), and in the choriocapillaris (CC) of patients with STGD1. Results Nineteen patients (36 eyes) were recruited for the study (10 females, 52.6%). Mean age was 33 ±5.7 years and mean BCVA was 0.6±0.3 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution. Thirty-six healthy age-matched subjects (one eye for each patient) acted as a control group. Qualitative analysis of OCT-A revealed areas of reduced vascular density in superficial and DCPs. CC showed focal defects partially corresponding to the flecks on SW-FAF imaging. Quantitative analysis of OCT-A disclosed a statistically significant difference in the density of the SCP (0.302±0.062 vs 0.365±0.042; p=0.0002) and the DCP (0.303±0.081 vs 0.399±0.045; p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)780-785
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume101
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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