Vascular resistance and arterial pressure low-frequency oscillations in the anesthetized dog

A. Cevese, R. Grasso, R. Poltronieri, F. Schena

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The spontaneous variability of heart rate and arterial blood pressure was investigated in chloralose-anesthetized dogs with the left iliac vascular bed mechanically uncoupled from the central circulation. Electrocardiogram, mean arterial pressure (ABP), iliac perfusion and venous pressures, and flow (FLOW) were recorded for 5 min in steady state. Autoregressive spectral and cross-spectral analyses and digital filtering were performed. The variation coefficient (VC%), calculated from the overall variance of each signal, was 5-7.5%, with the exception of perfusion pressure (VC% = 1%). The frequency- related percentage of total variance was distributed among three frequency bands: two were 1) and higher (F2; low-frequency range = F1 + F2)], and one was >0.20 Hz (respiratory, F3). F3 was not always present in RR, which, however, oscillated also in F1 and F2, although with limited amplitude; ABP showed large respiratory and low-frequency oscillations; the FLOW oscillations were in the low-frequency range. Cross- spectral analysis showed high squared coherence in the relevant frequency bands between variables in the three couples: RR-ABP, RR-FLOW, and ABP-FLOW. Changes in RR preceded changes in ABP and in FLOW by ≥3 s, whereas FLOW was approximately in phase opposition to ABP. It was concluded that, in the chloralose-anesthetized dog, 1) arterial pressure and heart rate oscillate with frequencies corresponding to those described in conscious humans, 2) low-frequency arterial pressure oscillations are due to changes in peripheral vascular resistance, and 3) peripheral vascular resistance does not display respiratory oscillations. Furthermore it was suggested that oscillations of vasomotor tone are generated by a rhythm of central origin and that F1 and F2 oscillations may recognize a common mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number1 37-1
Publication statusPublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology


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