Background-On the basis of brachytherapy experience, edge stenosis has been raised as a potential limitation for drug-eluting stents. We used serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) to prospectively analyze vessel responses in adjacent reference segments after implantation of polymer-controlled paclitaxel-eluting stents. Methods and Results-TAXUS II was a randomized, double-blind trial with 2 consecutive patient cohorts that compared slow-release (SR) and moderate-release (MR) paclitaxel-eluting stents with control bare metal stents (BMS). By protocol, all patients had postprocedure and 6-month follow-up IVUS. Quantitative IVUS analysis was performed by an independent core laboratory, blinded to treatment allocation, in 5-mm vessel segments immediately proximal and distal to the stent. Serial IVUS was available for 106 SR, 107 MR, and 214 BMS patients. For all 3 groups, a significant decrease in proximal-edge lumen area was observed at 6 months. The decrease was comparable (by ANOVA, P = 0.194) for patients in the SR (-0.54±2.1 mm2) and MR (-0.88±1.9 mm2) groups compared with the BMS (-1.02±1.9 mm2) group. For the distal edge, a significant decrease in lumen area was only observed with BMS (-0.91±2.0 mm2, P2) and MR (-0.19±1.7 mm2) stents (P2, P=0.011) but not the distal edges of BMS and at neither edge of SR or MR stents. Conclusions-The marked reduction in in-stent restenosis with SR or MR stents is not associated with increased edge stenosis at 6-month follow-up IVUS. In fact, compared with BMS, there is instead a significant reduction in late lumen loss at the distal edge with TAXUS stents.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 10 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine