BACKGROUND: Surgical repair of critical-sized bone defects still remains a big challenge in orthopedic surgery. Biological enhancement, such as growth factors or cells, can stimulate a better outcome in bone regeneration driven by well-established treatments such as allogenic bone graft. However, despite the surgical options available, correct healing can be slowed down or compromised by insufficient vascular supply to the injured site.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this pilot study, critical size bone defects in rabbit radius were treated with allograft bone, in combination with vascular bundle and autologous bone marrow concentrate seeded onto a commercial collagen scaffold. Microtomographical, histological and immunohistochemical assessments were performed to evaluate allograft integration and bone regeneration.
RESULTS: Results showed that the surgical deviation of vascular bundle in the bone graft, regardless from the addition of bone marrow concentrate, promote the onset of healing process at short experimental times (8 wk) in comparison with the other groups, enhancing graft integration.
CONCLUSION: The surgical procedure tested stimulates bone healing at early times, preserving native bone architecture, and can be easily combined with biological adjuvant.
- Bone graft
- Bone marrow stem cells
- Bone regeneration
- Critical bone defect
- Pilot study
- Rabbit model
- Vascular supply