Venous thrombo-embolism in hospitalized sars-cov-2 patients treated with three different anticoagulation protocols: Prospective observational study

Yaroslava Longhitano, Fabrizio Racca, Christian Zanza, Marina Muncinelli, Alberto Guagliano, Elisa Peretti, Anna Chiara Minerba, Marta Mari, Riccardo Boverio, Mario Salio, Guido Chichino, Francesco Franceschi, Andrea Piccioni, Ludovico Abenavoli, Mauro Salvini, Marco Artico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to assess thrombotic risk in CoViD-19/pneumonia patients with acute respiratory failure and to compare populations treated with three different antithrombotic prophylaxis protocols. The primary outcome is to analyze the prevalence of thrombotic events in hospitalized patients, while the secondary outcome is to analyze the correlation between different anticoagulation targets with thrombotic events. All patients referred to our hospital for acute respiratory failure due to COVID-19 pneumonia between 18 and 31 May 2020 were included. Seventy-four patients were enrolled (44 men and 30 women, average age 68.6). Diagnosis of venous thromboembolism was made in 21 cases (28.4%) and thrombotic events were associated with positive pressure ventilation support (p = 0.024) and hospitalization in ICU (p < 0.0001). These patients presented higher levels of D-dimer (p < 0.0001) and their hospital length of stay was >16 days longer. Forty-seven out of 74 patients (63.5%) received intermediate or therapeutic dose of anticoagulation, while twenty-seven patients (34.5%) received standard antithrombotic prophylaxis. The analysis showed that an intermediate or therapeutic dose of anticoagulation did not decrease the prevalence of thrombotic events. On the other hand, six patients reported severe hemorrhagic complications. Despite intermediate or therapeutic-dose of anticoagulation, a high number of patients with acute respiratory failure secondary to COVID-19 developed thrombotic complications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number310
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalBiology
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Acute respiratory failure
  • Coagulopathy
  • Covid-19
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Thromboprophylaxis
  • Venous thromboembolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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