Venous thrombosis in children: An emerging issue

Angelo C. Molinari, Paola Saracco, Valerio Cecinati, Maurizio Miano, Emilia Parodi, Massimo Grassi, Laura Banov, Domenico De Mattia, Paola Giordano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


More and more cases of venous thrombosis are diagnosed in children thanks to newer imaging modalities. Central venous catheters have become commonplace in the care of critically ill children and have contributed to the increased rate of thrombotic events. Lastly, children who develop life-threatening or chronic medical conditions are surviving longer because of advanced medical therapies; these intensive therapies can be complicated by events such as thrombosis. Over the last 10 years, specific guidelines for treating thrombosis in children have become available. Nevertheless, in many situations anticoagulant treatment is specially tailored to each individual patient's needs. Some new antithrombotic drugs which have undergone clinical testing in adults might be beneficial to paediatric patients with thromboembolic disorders; unfortunately, clinical data and reports on the use of these drugs in children, when available, are extremely limited. The aim of this review is to provide physicians with enough background information to be able to manage thrombosis in children. First, by helping them detect a thrombotic event in a child. Upon confirmation of the diagnosis, the physician will request the appropriate tests and will choose the best treatment on the basis of the guidelines and recommendations. Moreover, the paediatrician will have the information he or she needs to identify which children are at highest risk of acute thrombotic events and relevant long-term sequelae and, therefore, to decide on the appropriate prophylactic or pharmacologic strategy. Lastly, we would like to provide the paediatrician with information on future drugs with regard to the treatment and prophylaxis of thrombosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-361
Number of pages11
JournalBlood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011


  • diagnosis of thrombosis
  • prophylaxis of thrombosis
  • thrombosis in the child
  • treatment of thrombosis
  • venous thrombosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


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