Previous works have reported circadian rhythms for several cardiovascular parameters. A chronobiologic rhythm is characterized by: mesor (a rhythm-determined average), amplitude (half difference between the highest and lowest values), and acrophase (timing of high point in degrees and/or in hours) along with 95% confidence limits. We performed 24-hour ECG Holter monitoring in seven patients (mean age, 50.6 years) with ventricular parasystole (VP) in order to determine whether the chronotropic activity of parasystolic foci has a circadian rhythm similar to that of the sinus node. For each Holter recording parasystolic rates (PRs) and heart rates (HRs) were calculated every hour. Furthermore, a mean hourly PR and a mean hourly HR were calculated from the hourly PRs and HRs of the patients. The statistic chronobiologic analysis was done by single and mean cosinor methods. Correlation between mean hourly PR and HR was evaluated by Pearson's 'r' coefficient. A statistically significant rhythm (P less than 0.05) was found for the single and mean rhythms both of HR and PR. In our patients, HR had acrophase at 1.27 P.M., mesor at 73.28 beats/min, and amplitude at 9.53 beats/min, whereas PR had acrophase at 1.42 P.M., mesor at 38.31 beats/min, and amplitude at 3.64 beats/min. Chronobiological data and the high direct correlation between mean hourly HRs and mean hourly PRs (r = 0.96, P less than 0.001) indicate a similar circadian variability of the chronotropic activity of sinus nodes and parasystolic foci. Although several hypotheses can be made, responsiveness of parasystolic foci to circadian variations of the autonomic nervous system tone (sympathetic and/or vagal) and/or circulating substances (particularly catecholamines) seems the more probable one for explaining our findings.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||PACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology|
|Issue number||6 Pt 1|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine