Ventricular septal defects

Massimo Chessa, Gianfranco Butera

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The defects that may be suitable for percutaneous closure are located within the muscular septum (muscular ventricular septal defects, MVSD) or in the perimembranous septum (perimembranous ventricular septal defects, PVSD) with or without aneurysm, and they can be native of residual post surgery. Surgical repair is currently the only option for doubly committed or supracristal defects, for perimembranous defects associated with prolapse of aortic valve and aortic regurgitation and for any defect associated with malalignment of the muscular outlet septum or straddling and overriding atrioventricular valves. Large defects give signs and symptoms of cardiac failure in early infancy, and they have to be treated surgically during the first months of life.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCardiac Catheterization for Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetal Life to Adulthood
PublisherSpringer-Verlag Milan
Number of pages23
ISBN (Print)9788847056817, 9788847056800
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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