Verbal and gestural communication in children with bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We assessed intelligence and receptive and expressive language skills in 6 children, ages 7 years 9 months to 12 years 4 months, with bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria of variable extent and with dysarthria of different severity. In view of the recent findings of a close relationship between word and gesture, we also examined the communicative use of gesture. We found that mental retardation was related to the extent of cortical malformation; lexical comprehension, but not morphosyntactic comprehension, and verbal production were more compromised than expected from nonverbal intellectual abilities; lack of verbal language was not compensated by the use of referential gestures. Results are discussed suggesting that compromised verbal and gestural communication in bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria are not due simply to mental retardation and/or dysarthria but also to dysfunction of Sylvian fissure areas concerned with the totality of language processing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1090-1098
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Child Neurology
Volume22
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2007

Fingerprint

Gestures
Dysarthria
Language
Communication
Intellectual Disability
Aptitude
Intelligence
Perisylvian syndrome

Keywords

  • Communication
  • Perisylvian polymicrogyria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

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title = "Verbal and gestural communication in children with bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria",
abstract = "We assessed intelligence and receptive and expressive language skills in 6 children, ages 7 years 9 months to 12 years 4 months, with bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria of variable extent and with dysarthria of different severity. In view of the recent findings of a close relationship between word and gesture, we also examined the communicative use of gesture. We found that mental retardation was related to the extent of cortical malformation; lexical comprehension, but not morphosyntactic comprehension, and verbal production were more compromised than expected from nonverbal intellectual abilities; lack of verbal language was not compensated by the use of referential gestures. Results are discussed suggesting that compromised verbal and gestural communication in bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria are not due simply to mental retardation and/or dysarthria but also to dysfunction of Sylvian fissure areas concerned with the totality of language processing.",
keywords = "Communication, Perisylvian polymicrogyria",
author = "Veronica Saletti and Sara Bulgheroni and Ludovico D'Incerti and Silvana Franceschetti and Bruna Molteni and Gloria Airaghi and Chiara Pantaleoni and Stefano D'Arrigo and Daria Riva",
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T1 - Verbal and gestural communication in children with bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria

AU - Saletti, Veronica

AU - Bulgheroni, Sara

AU - D'Incerti, Ludovico

AU - Franceschetti, Silvana

AU - Molteni, Bruna

AU - Airaghi, Gloria

AU - Pantaleoni, Chiara

AU - D'Arrigo, Stefano

AU - Riva, Daria

PY - 2007/9

Y1 - 2007/9

N2 - We assessed intelligence and receptive and expressive language skills in 6 children, ages 7 years 9 months to 12 years 4 months, with bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria of variable extent and with dysarthria of different severity. In view of the recent findings of a close relationship between word and gesture, we also examined the communicative use of gesture. We found that mental retardation was related to the extent of cortical malformation; lexical comprehension, but not morphosyntactic comprehension, and verbal production were more compromised than expected from nonverbal intellectual abilities; lack of verbal language was not compensated by the use of referential gestures. Results are discussed suggesting that compromised verbal and gestural communication in bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria are not due simply to mental retardation and/or dysarthria but also to dysfunction of Sylvian fissure areas concerned with the totality of language processing.

AB - We assessed intelligence and receptive and expressive language skills in 6 children, ages 7 years 9 months to 12 years 4 months, with bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria of variable extent and with dysarthria of different severity. In view of the recent findings of a close relationship between word and gesture, we also examined the communicative use of gesture. We found that mental retardation was related to the extent of cortical malformation; lexical comprehension, but not morphosyntactic comprehension, and verbal production were more compromised than expected from nonverbal intellectual abilities; lack of verbal language was not compensated by the use of referential gestures. Results are discussed suggesting that compromised verbal and gestural communication in bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria are not due simply to mental retardation and/or dysarthria but also to dysfunction of Sylvian fissure areas concerned with the totality of language processing.

KW - Communication

KW - Perisylvian polymicrogyria

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