Verbal and spatial immediate memory span: Normative data from 1355 adults and 1112 children

A. Orsini, D. Grossi, E. Capitani, M. Laiacona, C. Papagno, G. Vallar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Norms are provided for verbal and visuo-spatial immediate memory span, two tasks widely used in the clinical assessment of short-term memory and its neurological disorders. Data have been collected from 1355 male and female adult subjects, with various educational backgrounds and a 20-99 years age range. Span shows a major decrement after the late sixties and is affected by educational level. Male subjects score better on the spatial task. Data collected from 1112 male and female children, 4-to-10 year-old, show that span increases with age and boys score better on the spatial test.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)537-548
Number of pages12
JournalItalian Journal of Neurological Sciences
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1987



  • Short-term memory
  • verbal and spatial span

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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