Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty: Complementar tecniques for the treatment of painful osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures

Alessio Lovi, Marco Teli, Alessandro Ortolina, Francesco Costa, Maurizio Fornari, Marco Brayda-Bruno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: in a prospective study, we aimed to evaluate the potential use of kyphoplasty (KP) and vertebroplasty (VP) as complementary techniques in the treatment of painful osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs). Methods: after one month of conservative treatment for VCFs, patients with intractable pain were offered treatment with KP or VP according to a treatment algorithm thatconsiders time from fracture (Δt) and amount ofVertebral Body Collapse (VBC). Bone biopsy was obtained intraoperatively to exclude patients affected by malignancy or osteomalacia. Results: hundred and sixty-four patients were included according to the above criteria. Mean age was 67.6 years. Mean followup was 33 months. Ten patients (6.1%) were lost to follow-up and 154 reached the minimum two years follow-up. 118 (69.5%) underwent VP and 36 (30.5%) underwent KP. Complications affected five patients treated with VP, whose one suffered a transient intercostal neuropathy and four a subsequent VCF (two at adjacent level). Results in terms of VAS and Oswestry scores were not different among treatment groups. Conclusion: in conclusion, at an average follow-up of almost 3 years from surgical treatment of osteoporotic VCFs, VP and KP show similar good clinical outcomes and appear to be complementary techniques with specific different indications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-62
Number of pages6
JournalColuna/ Columna
Volume8
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2009

Keywords

  • Fractures, compression/surgery
  • Kyphosis/surgery
  • Lumbar vertebrae/surgery
  • Osteoporosis/complications
  • Spinal fractures/surgery
  • Vertebroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

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