Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials: Test-retest reliability

Maurizio Versino, Silvia Colnaghi, Roberto Callieco, Vittorio Cosi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) are myogenic responses induced by stimulation of the saccular macula by intense sound stimuli. The responses are recordable from the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscles. We recorded VEMPs from normal subjects (up to three times in each subject) to identify: i) the best recording procedures, ii) the reliability, and iii) the normal limits for both individual point and test-retest evaluation. We adopted a recording setting in which the subjects were asked to simultaneously activate both SCM muscles by pushing their forehead against a load cell during a bilateral acoustic stimulation. This system enabled subjects to monitor their intensity of SCM activation and to keep intensity constant; us to record VEMPs from both sides simultaneously, and thus to minimize the duration of the recording session. For each subject we considered the mean and the difference (divided by the mean) of the values derived from the two SCM muscles of the latency of the P13 and N23 components and of the P13-N23 peak-to-peak amplitude. Reliability was evaluated by estimate of the intraclass correlation coefficient, and was good or excellent for all parameters, with the exception of the P13-N23 amplitude side-difference. To take advantage of all the data available, we computed the normal limits for both individual point and test-retest evaluation by means of the variability indices used for the evaluation of reliability. In this system, VEMP recording is simple, inexpensive and rapid. It is well tolerated by subjects, and easily implemented in laboratories equipped for evoked potential recording.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-309
Number of pages11
JournalFunctional Neurology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • Click-evoked response
  • Reliability
  • Vestibulocollic reflex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)


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