The etiologic definition of an occupational disease should be achieved via an accurate differential diagnosis. A careful assessment of any clinical features that are typical or unusual for the disease in question can sometimes lead to the identification of other morbid states that are either hidden or show few symptoms, and may or may not interfere with the occupational picture. The case described is of a man who, after working for 10 years with vibrating tools, developed a vibration disease with typical circulatory alterations in the hands and osteoarticular and neurological alterations. However, the appearance of a necrotic ischaemic lesion at the tip of the second finger of the right hand and signs of sclerodactylia in the second finger of both hands led us to suspect the presence of another concomitant disease. The finding of anticentromere antibodies suggested the presence of a CREST syndrome, which is a serologic variant of diffuse scleroderma. More in-depth investigations and examination of the state of other organs and apparatuses confirmed the diagnostic suspicion, with evidence of impairment also of the cardio-pulmonary system. The presence of the CREST-syndrome was interpreted as a state of hypersusceptibility to the traumatic action of vibrating tools on the vascular system.
|Translated title of the contribution||Vibration angiopathy and CREST syndrome: beware of hidden diseases|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Medicina del Lavoro|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health