Vibrotactile-based rehabilitation on balance and gait in patients with neurological diseases: A systematic review and metanalysis

Sara De Angelis, Alessandro Antonio Princi, Fulvio Dal Farra, Giovanni Morone, Carlo Caltagirone, Marco Tramontano

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Postural instability and fear of falling represent two major causes of decreased mobility and quality of life in cerebrovascular and neurologic diseases. In recent years, rehabilitation strategies were carried out considering a combined sensorimotor intervention and an active involvement of the patients during the rehabilitation sessions. Accordingly, new technological devices and paradigms have been developed to increase the effectiveness of rehabilitation by integrating multisensory information and augmented feedback promoting the involvement of the cognitive paradigm in neurorehabilitation. In this context, the vibrotactile feedback (VF) could represent a peripheral therapeutic input, in order to provide spatial proprioceptive information to guide the patient during task-oriented exercises. The present systematic review and metanalysis aimed to explore the effectiveness of the VF on balance and gait rehabilitation in patients with neurological and cerebrovascular diseases. A total of 18 studies met the inclusion criteria and were included. Due to the lack of high-quality studies and heterogeneity of treatments protocols, clinical practice recommendations on the efficacy of VF cannot be made. Results show that VF-based intervention could be a safe complementary sensory-motor approach for balance and gait rehabilitation in patients with neurological and cerebrovascular diseases. More high-quality randomized controlled trials are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number518
JournalBrain Sciences
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Balance rehabilitation
  • Cerebrovascular disease
  • Gait rehabilitation
  • Motor-cognitive
  • Neurological disease
  • Vibrotactile feedback

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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