Violent behavior of patients living in psychiatric residential facilities: A comparison of male patients with different violence histories

Valentina Candini, Chiara Buizza, Clarissa Ferrari, Maria Elena Boero, Gian Marco Giobbio, Nicoletta Goldschmidt, Stefania Greppo, Laura Iozzino, Paolo Maggi, Anna Melegari, Patrizio Pasqualetti, Giuseppe Rossi, Giovanni de Girolamo, S. Andreose, P. Basso, R. Beneduce, F. Bongiorno, V. Braida, E. Cortini, J. DaganiF. DeDominicis, A. Di Giovanni, A. Ghilardi, A. Jaretti Sodano, L. Magni, D. Milazzo, E. Lo Presti, L. Paulon, R. Pioli, C. Ricci, L. Rillosi, G. Savio, L. Scaratti, R. Scioli, L. Veneroni, S. Zamburlini, L. Zorzella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

People with severe mental disorders and a history of violence are often seen as a difficult-to-manage segment of the population. In addition, this group is usually characterized by a high risk of crime recidivism, and poor compliance with community and aftercare programs. To investigate a sample of male patients living in Residential Facilities (RFs) with a history of violent behavior against people and to compare their characteristics with those of never-violent residents; to analyze the associations between aggressive behaviors in the last two years and a history of previous violence; and, to assess the predictors of aggressive behaviors. This study is part of a prospective observational cohort study which involved 23 RFs in Northern Italy. A comprehensive set of sociodemographic, clinical, and treatment-related information was gathered, and standardized assessments were administered to each participant. Also a detailed assessment of aggressive behaviors in the past two years was carried out. The study involved 268 males: 81 violent and 187 never-violent. Compared to never-violent patients, violent patients were younger, with a higher proportion of personality disorders, and have displayed an increased number of aggressive behaviors in the last two years. The presence of a history of violent behavior in the past significantly increases the probability of committing aggressive acts in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-51
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Volume39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2015

Keywords

  • Aggressive behavior
  • Mental illness
  • Predictors
  • Recidivism
  • Residential facility
  • Violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Law

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