The effect of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) on in vitro ACTH release and adenylate cyclase activity was investigated in human ACTH-secreting pituitary adenomas from 4 patients with Cushing's disease and 2 patients with Nelson's syndrome. In all the tumors tested, VIP elicited a dose-dependent stimulation of hormone release from adenoma fragments (90-247% at 10-7 M VIP) and of cAMP formation in membrane preparations (75-140% at 3×10-6 M VIP). Therefore a role of VIP in the control of ACTH secretion in human ACTH-secreting adenomas is suggested; a cAMP-dependent mechanism of action can also be hypothesized.
- Adenylate cyclase
- Pituitary adenomas
- Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience