Viro-immunological efficacy and tolerability of dolutegravir-based regimens compared to regimens based on other integrase strand inhibitors, protease inhibitors or non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors in patients with acute HIV-1 infection: A multicenter retrospective cohort study

F. Lagi, G. Baldin, M. Colafigli, A. Capetti, G. Madeddu, S. Tekle Kiros è un, S. Di Giambenedetto, G. Sterrantino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the tolerability and viro-immunological efficacy of dolutegravir-based regimens (DTG group) with regimens based on EVG, RAL, PI or NNRTI (NODTG group) in patients with acute HIV-1 infections (AHI). Methods: All patients diagnosed with AHI and on antiretroviral therapy (ART) between January 2015 and December 2017 from five centers in Italy were included and followed-up to 30th April 2018. AHI was defined by the presence of the positive p24 antigen with negative or indeterminate western blot. Results: Forty-three patients were enrolled: 20 in the DTG group, 23 in the NODTG group. Nine patients (20.9%; four in the DTG group, five in the NODTG group) were prescribed a four-drug regimen. In the cohort, 81.4% were Italian and 83.7% were male, with a median age of 41 years (interquartile range [IQR] 31-48). Median time between HIV diagnosis and ART initiation was 12 days (IQR 5-28). Seven patients harbored a virus with transmitted mutations at baseline (16.2%), all were in the DTG group (P=0.005). All patients had undetectable HIV-RNA at the end of follow-up except two patients, one of whom had 57 copies and one who was lost to follow-up. In Kaplan-Meier analysis, time to virological suppression was similar in the two groups (log rank: P= 0.7155). After achieving virological suppression, four patients stopped ART because of toxicity: two on DTG, two on EVG for neurological and gastrointestinal toxicity, respectively. Conclusion: In our setting, ART in AHI is started very early. DTG showed good viro-immunological efficacy even in the presence of NRTI-transmitted mutations. DTG interruptions were rare.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)487-490
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Volume54
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

Keywords

  • Acute HIV-1 Infection
  • Dolutegravir, Italy
  • Naive patients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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