Virtual lesions of the inferior parietal cortex induce fast changes of implicit religiousness/spirituality

Cristiano Crescentini, Salvatore M. Aglioti, Franco Fabbro, Cosimo Urgesi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Religiousness and spirituality (RS) are two ubiquitous aspects of human experience typically considered impervious to scientific investigation. Nevertheless, associations between RS and frontoparietal neural activity have been recently reported. However, much less is known about whether such activity is causally involved in modulating RS or just epiphenomenal to them. Here we combined two-pulse (10Hz) Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) with a novel, ad-hoc developed RS-related, Implicit Association Test (IAT) to investigate whether implicit RS representations, although supposedly rather stable, can be rapidly modified by a virtual lesion of inferior parietal lobe (IPL) and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). A self-esteem (SE) IAT, focused on self-concepts nonrelated to RS representations, was developed as control. A specific increase of RS followed inhibition of IPL demonstrating its causative role in inducing fast plastic changes of religiousness/spirituality. In contrast, DLPFC inhibition had more widespread effects probably reflecting a general role in the acquisition or maintenance of task-rules or in controlling the expression of self-related representations not specific to RS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalCortex
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Parietal Lobe
Spirituality
Prefrontal Cortex
Self Concept
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Maintenance

Keywords

  • Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex
  • IAT
  • Inferior parietal lobe
  • Religiousness-spirituality
  • TMS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Virtual lesions of the inferior parietal cortex induce fast changes of implicit religiousness/spirituality. / Crescentini, Cristiano; Aglioti, Salvatore M.; Fabbro, Franco; Urgesi, Cosimo.

In: Cortex, Vol. 54, No. 1, 2014, p. 1-15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Crescentini, Cristiano ; Aglioti, Salvatore M. ; Fabbro, Franco ; Urgesi, Cosimo. / Virtual lesions of the inferior parietal cortex induce fast changes of implicit religiousness/spirituality. In: Cortex. 2014 ; Vol. 54, No. 1. pp. 1-15.
@article{8f52ba6b725d466b9d979504ec0c396b,
title = "Virtual lesions of the inferior parietal cortex induce fast changes of implicit religiousness/spirituality",
abstract = "Religiousness and spirituality (RS) are two ubiquitous aspects of human experience typically considered impervious to scientific investigation. Nevertheless, associations between RS and frontoparietal neural activity have been recently reported. However, much less is known about whether such activity is causally involved in modulating RS or just epiphenomenal to them. Here we combined two-pulse (10Hz) Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) with a novel, ad-hoc developed RS-related, Implicit Association Test (IAT) to investigate whether implicit RS representations, although supposedly rather stable, can be rapidly modified by a virtual lesion of inferior parietal lobe (IPL) and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). A self-esteem (SE) IAT, focused on self-concepts nonrelated to RS representations, was developed as control. A specific increase of RS followed inhibition of IPL demonstrating its causative role in inducing fast plastic changes of religiousness/spirituality. In contrast, DLPFC inhibition had more widespread effects probably reflecting a general role in the acquisition or maintenance of task-rules or in controlling the expression of self-related representations not specific to RS.",
keywords = "Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, IAT, Inferior parietal lobe, Religiousness-spirituality, TMS",
author = "Cristiano Crescentini and Aglioti, {Salvatore M.} and Franco Fabbro and Cosimo Urgesi",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.cortex.2014.01.023",
language = "English",
volume = "54",
pages = "1--15",
journal = "Cortex",
issn = "0010-9452",
publisher = "Masson SpA",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Virtual lesions of the inferior parietal cortex induce fast changes of implicit religiousness/spirituality

AU - Crescentini, Cristiano

AU - Aglioti, Salvatore M.

AU - Fabbro, Franco

AU - Urgesi, Cosimo

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Religiousness and spirituality (RS) are two ubiquitous aspects of human experience typically considered impervious to scientific investigation. Nevertheless, associations between RS and frontoparietal neural activity have been recently reported. However, much less is known about whether such activity is causally involved in modulating RS or just epiphenomenal to them. Here we combined two-pulse (10Hz) Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) with a novel, ad-hoc developed RS-related, Implicit Association Test (IAT) to investigate whether implicit RS representations, although supposedly rather stable, can be rapidly modified by a virtual lesion of inferior parietal lobe (IPL) and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). A self-esteem (SE) IAT, focused on self-concepts nonrelated to RS representations, was developed as control. A specific increase of RS followed inhibition of IPL demonstrating its causative role in inducing fast plastic changes of religiousness/spirituality. In contrast, DLPFC inhibition had more widespread effects probably reflecting a general role in the acquisition or maintenance of task-rules or in controlling the expression of self-related representations not specific to RS.

AB - Religiousness and spirituality (RS) are two ubiquitous aspects of human experience typically considered impervious to scientific investigation. Nevertheless, associations between RS and frontoparietal neural activity have been recently reported. However, much less is known about whether such activity is causally involved in modulating RS or just epiphenomenal to them. Here we combined two-pulse (10Hz) Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) with a novel, ad-hoc developed RS-related, Implicit Association Test (IAT) to investigate whether implicit RS representations, although supposedly rather stable, can be rapidly modified by a virtual lesion of inferior parietal lobe (IPL) and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). A self-esteem (SE) IAT, focused on self-concepts nonrelated to RS representations, was developed as control. A specific increase of RS followed inhibition of IPL demonstrating its causative role in inducing fast plastic changes of religiousness/spirituality. In contrast, DLPFC inhibition had more widespread effects probably reflecting a general role in the acquisition or maintenance of task-rules or in controlling the expression of self-related representations not specific to RS.

KW - Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex

KW - IAT

KW - Inferior parietal lobe

KW - Religiousness-spirituality

KW - TMS

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84895758908&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84895758908&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.cortex.2014.01.023

DO - 10.1016/j.cortex.2014.01.023

M3 - Article

C2 - 24607913

AN - SCOPUS:84895758908

VL - 54

SP - 1

EP - 15

JO - Cortex

JF - Cortex

SN - 0010-9452

IS - 1

ER -