Virtual prototyping study shows increased ATPase activity of Hsp90 to be the key determinant of cancer phenotype

Shireen Vali, Rani Pallavi, Shweta Kapoor, Utpal Tatu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hsp90 is an ATP-dependent molecular chaperone that regulates key signaling proteins and thereby impacts cell growth and development. Chaperone cycle of Hsp90 is regulated by ATP binding and hydrolysis through its intrinsic ATPase activities, which is in turn modulated by interaction with its co-chaperones. Hsp90 ATPase activity varies in different organisms and is known to be increased in tumor cells. In this study we have quantitatively analyzed the impact of increasing Hsp90 ATPase activity on the activities of its clients through a virtual prototyping technology, which comprises a dynamic model of Hsp90 interaction with clients involved in proliferation pathways. Our studies highlight the importance of increased ATPase activity of Hsp90 in cancer cells as the key modulator for increased proliferation and survival. A tenfold increase in ATPase activity of Hsp90 often seen in cancer cells increases the levels of active client proteins such as Akt-1, Raf-1 and Cyclin D1 amongst others to about 12-, 8- and 186-folds respectively. Additionally we studied the effect of a competitive inhibitor of Hsp90 activity on the reduction in the client protein levels. Virtual prototyping experiments corroborate with findings that the drug has almost 10- to 100-fold higher affinity as indicated by a lower IC50 value (30-100 nM) in tumor cells with higher ATPase activity. The results also indicate a 15- to 25-fold higher efficacy of the inhibitor in reducing client levels in tumor cells. This analysis provides mechanistic insights into the links between increased Hsp90 ATPase activity, tumor phenotype and the hypersensitivity of tumor Hsp90 to inhibition by ATP analogs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-33
Number of pages9
JournalSystems and Synthetic Biology
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

Keywords

  • Anti-cancer drugs
  • Heat shock protein
  • Hsp90 ATPase activity
  • Quantitative analysis
  • Virtual prototyping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Bioengineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Virtual prototyping study shows increased ATPase activity of Hsp90 to be the key determinant of cancer phenotype'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this