Vision Assessments and Interventions for Infants 0-2 Years at High Risk for Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review

Olena D. Chorna, Andrea Guzzetta, Nathalie L. Maitre

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

We performed a systematic review and evaluated the level of evidence of vision interventions and assessments for infants at high risk for or with a diagnosis of cerebral palsy from zero to two years of age. Articles were evaluated based on the level of methodologic quality, evidence, and clinical utilization. Thirty publications with vision assessments and five with vision interventions met criteria for inclusion. Assessments included standard care neuroimaging, electrophysiology, and neuro-ophthalmologic examination techniques that are utilized clinically with any preverbal or nonverbal pediatric patient. The overall level of evidence of interventions was strong for neuroprotective interventions such as caffeine and hypothermia but weak for surgery, visual training, or developmental programs. There are few evidence-based interventions and assessments that address cerebral/cortical visual impairment-related needs of infants and toddlers at high risk for or with cerebral palsy. Recommendation guidelines include the use of three types of standard care methodologies and two types of protective interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-13
Number of pages11
JournalPediatric Neurology
Volume76
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2017

Keywords

  • assessment
  • brain injury
  • cerebral palsy
  • infant high-risk infant
  • vision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology

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