BACKGROUND: Many studies report a habituation deficit of visual evoked potentials (VEP) and/or increased intensity dependence of auditory evoked cortical potentials (IDAP) in episodic migraine patients between attacks. These findings have a pathophysiological interest, but their diagnostic utility is not known.
AIMS: To perform an audit on a large database of interictal VEP and IDAP recordings in episodic migraine patients and evaluate their diagnostic accuracy.
METHODS: We pooled data for VEP habituation and IDAP measured in 624 episodic migraineurs (EM) and 360 healthy volunteers (HV) from three centers. Thresholds were calculated by Receiver Operating Curve analysis and used to calculate sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios (LR+ and LR-) and the accuracy of each test, using ICHD diagnostic criteria as the gold standard.
RESULTS: In EM, VEP habituation was significantly lower than in HV, and IDAP slopes were significantly steeper. VEP (five blocks of 50 responses), VEP (six blocks of 100 responses) and IDAP had respectively 61.0%, 61.4% and 45.7% sensitivity, and 77.9%, 77.9% and 87.2% specificity. Their positive (LR+) and negative (LR-) likelihood ratios were respectively 2.760, 2.778, 3.570 and 0.500, 0.495, 0.623, with diagnostic accuracies of 65.3%, 69.0% and 54.3%. In combined VEP + IDAP recordings, an abnormality of at least one test had 83.4% sensitivity, 66.7% specificity, 2.504 LR+, 0.249 LR- and 81.1% accuracy.
CONCLUSIONS: In this large database, VEP habituation is significantly reduced and IDAP increased in episodic migraine patients between attacks. Taken alone, neither VEP nor IDAP has sufficient diagnostic accuracy. However, when both tests are performed in the same patient, an abnormality of at least one of them is highly predictive of interictal episodic migraine.
- Journal Article