Visual evoked potentials may be recorded simultaneously with fMRI scanning: A validation study

Eleonora Comi, Pietro Annovazzi, Ana Martins Silva, Marco Cursi, Valeria Blasi, Marcello Cadioli, Alberto Inuggi, Andrea Falini, Giancarlo Comi, Letizia Leocani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Integrating electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data may help to optimize anatomical and temporal resolution in the investigation of cortical function. Successful removal of fMRI scanning artifacts from continuous EEG in simultaneous recordings has been reported. We assessed the feasibility of recording reliable visual evoked potentials (VEPs) during fMRI scanning using available artifact removing procedures. EEG during administration of visual stimuli was recorded using MRI-compatible 32-channel equipment in nine normal subjects (mean age, 23.9 ± 2.5 years), with and without fMRI acquisition. fMRI scanning and cardioballistographic artifacts were removed after subtraction of averaged artifact waveforms. Consistency between VEPs waveforms and of P1 and N1 peak latencies and amplitudes in the two conditions was assessed. Good correlation was found between VEP waveforms (Pearson's correlation coefficient: r P between 0.76-0.94 across subjects; P <0.0001) and between latency or amplitude of P1 and N1 peaks (latencies: r = 0.7, P <0.035; amplitudes: r > 0.65, P <0.05; Spearman rank correlation coefficient) in the two recording conditions. No significant differences were found between P1 and N1 parameters in the two conditions (Wilcoxon signed rank test). Consistent VEP waveforms, latencies, and amplitudes with and without fMRI scanning indicate that reliable VEPs may be obtained simultaneously with fMRI recording. This possibility might be helpful by shortening recording times and reducing variability from learning, habituation, and fatigue phenomena from separate recordings for the integration of event-related EEG and fMRI data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-298
Number of pages8
JournalHuman Brain Mapping
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2005


  • Artifact removing
  • EEG-fMRI simultaneous recording
  • Electroencephalography
  • Evoked potentials
  • Functional MRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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