Visual illusions: An interesting tool to investigate developmental dyslexia and autism spectrum disorder

Simone Gori, Massimo Molteni, Andrea Facoetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A visual illusion refers to a percept that is different in some aspect from the physical stimulus. Illusions are a powerful non-invasive tool for understanding the neurobiology of vision, telling us, indirectly, how the brain processes visual stimuli. There are some neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by visual deficits. Surprisingly, just a few studies investigated illusory perception in clinical populations. Our aim is to review the literature supporting a possible role for visual illusions in helping us understand the visual deficits in developmental dyslexia and autism spectrum disorder. Future studies could develop new tools - based on visual illusions - to identify an early risk for neurodevelopmental disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
Volume10
Issue numberAPR2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 25 2016

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Autistic traits
  • Illusory effect
  • Perception
  • Reading disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neurology
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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