Visual-perceptual impairment in children with cerebral palsy: A systematic review

Anne Ego, Karen Lidzba, Paola Brovedani, Vittorio Belmonti, Sibylle Gonzalez-Monge, Baya Boudia, Annie Ritz, Christine Cans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: Visual perception is one of the cognitive functions often impaired in children with cerebral palsy (CP). The aim of this systematic literature review was to assess the frequency of visual-perceptual impairment (VPI) and its relationship with patient characteristics. Method: Eligible studies were relevant papers assessing visual perception with five common standardized assessment instruments in children with CP published from January 1990 to August 2011. Results: Of the 84 studies selected, 15 were retained. In children with CP, the proportion of VPI ranged from 40% to 50% and the mean visual perception quotient from 70 to 90. None of the studies reported a significant influence of CP subtype, IQ level, side of motor impairment, neuro-ophthalmological outcomes, or seizures. The severity of neuroradiological lesions seemed associated with VPI. The influence of prematurity was controversial, but a lower gestational age was more often associated with lower visual motor skills than with decreased visual-perceptual abilities. Interpretation: The impairment of visual perception in children with CP should be considered a core disorder within the CP syndrome. Further research, including a more systematic approach to neuropsychological testing, is needed to explore the specific impact of CP subgroups and of neuroradiological features on visual-perceptual development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-51
Number of pages6
JournalDevelopmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Volume57
Issue numbers2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2015

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Vision Disorders
Cerebral Palsy
Visual Perception
Motor Skills
Aptitude
Cognition
Gestational Age
Seizures
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Medicine(all)

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Visual-perceptual impairment in children with cerebral palsy : A systematic review. / Ego, Anne; Lidzba, Karen; Brovedani, Paola; Belmonti, Vittorio; Gonzalez-Monge, Sibylle; Boudia, Baya; Ritz, Annie; Cans, Christine.

In: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, Vol. 57, No. s2, 01.04.2015, p. 46-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ego, Anne ; Lidzba, Karen ; Brovedani, Paola ; Belmonti, Vittorio ; Gonzalez-Monge, Sibylle ; Boudia, Baya ; Ritz, Annie ; Cans, Christine. / Visual-perceptual impairment in children with cerebral palsy : A systematic review. In: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 2015 ; Vol. 57, No. s2. pp. 46-51.
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